Related Material on This Site:

Religious Studies & Spirituality Links

Restrictive Religious Groups

Psychological Issues of Former Members  

The Nature of Religious Experience

On Being A Former Seventh-day Adventist

Apocalyptic Background of the SDA Church

Ellen White & the SDA Church




Jim Moyers, MA, MFT


A Note to Believers

In this and other pages on this site it is not my intention to attack any religious organization or the beliefs of anyone who is satisfied with her or his current religious experience.  My aim as a psychotherapist with an interest in the psychology of religion is rather to reach people who, like myself, have for whatever reason found their former beliefs inadequate.  My own experience of shattered faith would have been much less difficult had I known that others had gone through something similar.  It is my hope that sharing what I have learned will help make things a little easier for others who have also left a "fold" that could no longer contain them.


As is often noted, quality of the material available on the web is extremely variable.  While I don't necessarily agree with everything on all of the following sites, and have serious reservations about the tone of some, they offer a lot of information.  Remember that the course of internet searching, as in "real" life, is often anything but direct.  The internet is continually changing.  While I try to periodically check this list, some of the following sites may no longer be active, but in surfing through the list you will likely discover other useful sources of information.  Stay open to possibilities, follow your curiosity, and enjoy exploring!  Be sure to explore the links that many of the sites I list provide.  See where a search for "ex-yourgroup" takes you.  Remember, you don't have to restrict yourself anymore!

The anti-cult sites in particular have a wealth of information on a great many groups.  If the group in which  you are interested is not listed, try the more general sites and use a search engine to locate other sites.   Sites about groups other than the one to which you belonged may be helpful as the similarity of experience with a restrictive group regardless of apparent differences is often quite startling, especially if you have had the notion that your group is unique.  Most likely you will find that you are not alone after all!

There are also links to religious/spiritual sites on my page, Religious Studies & Spirituality Links.


I've written an essay on Restrictive Religious Groups and an article on Psychological Issues of Former Members of Restrictive Religious Groups.

A very accessible article by a scholar of religion on The Nature of Religious Experience

Leaving the Fold:  A Guide for Former Fundamentalists and Others Leaving Their Religion by Marlene Winell Ph.D. is the best book I have come across on the process of leaving a restrictive religious group. While Winell specifically addresses former fundamentalists, her insights can be applied to similar groups ranging from well established churches to New Age cults. The book also contains an extensive list of resources useful for anyone seeking to broaden his/her horizons.  Dr. Winell has developed the term "religious trauma syndrome" to describe the harmful effect of authoritarian religion.  See her web site for further information.

Belief:  The Secret Lives of Women In Extreme ReligionsBeyond is a very readable anthology in which women from a wide variety of religions relate their experiences.

How to Leave A Religion offers some very useful and succinct  guidelines.

Marlayna is a “life coach” with an interest in working with former members of groups.

Also there are many Facebook groups for ex-members of various churches and groups.

Seventh-day Adventist (SDA)

I am a former Seventh-day Adventist. You may be interested in my story:  Leaving the Garden: On Being A Former Seventh-day Adventist as well a couple of articles with a historical focus:

The Apocalyptic Background of the SDA Church

Ellen G. White & The Seventh-day Adventist Church

There are also links to other Adventist related material on those pages.

Leaving the Adventist Church is focused on Adventism but has a lot that is applicable to the process of leaving any high demand religion.

Spectrum, a liberal Adventist journal with no official ties to the denomination, publishes dissenting views and scholarly studies that often diverge from the official General Conference line. 

The internet has opened the door to a flood of information about the Adventist prophet and church founder, Ellen G. White, that was for many decades hidden and outright denied by church leaders.  A lot of this information is available at   

For those who no longer accept the Adventist version of the gospel but continue to identify as Bible believers, here are some of the many sites run by former Adventists who have adopted an Evangelical or Fundamentalist perspective that regards Adventist doctrines as heretical:

Truth or Fables includes information on Adventist history and Ellen G. White

Former Adventist Fellowship

exAdventist Outreach

Life Assurance Ministries

Also check out the many links from the above sites.

World Wide Church of God

Herbert W. & Garner Ted Armstrong

With shared 19th century roots, the World Wide Church of God and the Seventh-day Adventist Church have many similar beliefs and practices.  And controversies.  The Painful Truth and The Ambassador File have a lot of information on “Armstrongism” with the latter also having information about the Philadelphia Church of God.  

Jehovah's Witness

Progressive Alternative Network for JW's and Ex-JW's is a good place for questioning JW's as well as ex-JW's who are uncomfortable with the extreme views advocated by both JW's and many of their critics.

Witness Forum and Recovery SiteEx-Jehovah's "for people who have left the Jehovah's WitnessOrganization; who are considering leaving; or simply for those interested in the JW's."

Advocates for Awareness of Watchtower Abuses offers support for people who have been negatively affected by involvement with Watchtower teachings and practices.

Free Minds Inc.

Recovering JW Web Ring

Watchtower Bible & Tract Society Whistle Blower has an angry tone and lots of information about a great many controversial aspects of JW.

Later Day Saints (Mormon)

Recovery From Mormonism has a wealth of material.  Click on "Articles and Links about Mormonism" for other sites for questioning and/or former Mormons.

There is a lot of resources and information as well as an online forum is

Jenny Morrow is a Utah psychotherapist and ex-Mormon who does podcasts entitled "Ask An Ex-Mormon Therapist" which are available on iTunes or at

The Way International (TWI)

toss and ripple is a blog by Carol Welch, a former member of The Way International.

The mission of the Grease Spot Cafe is "to provide information that tells the other side of the story about The Way International and its trustees" with the hope of helping "those who have been impacted by The Way make connections with people and information which will support their particular process of recovery."

Losing the Way is the title of a book and a blog by a former member of The Way International

International Church of Christ/Boston Movement

REVEAL: Leaving the International Churches of Christ (ICC) includes information and resources for people who have been involved in ICC or other "discipling" groups.

Fundamentalism/Evangelical Christianity

Out of the Snare tells the story of a journey out of an abusive church.  Lots of information about the signs of spiritual abuse along with resources for anyone who has questions about abuse in a church setting.

Crooked Cross: A Journey Out of Religious Abuse is about Christian fundamentalism but anyone who has been involved with a high demand group will be able to relate to the author’s story.

Southern Baptists - A History of Controversy is a good summary of controversies in the denomination that for many represents the fundamentalist establishment.

Alternatives to Christian Fundamentalism

One of my most surprising discoveries as a former believer in the Bible as the literal word of God, was that not all forms of Christianity limit believers to "Thus saith the Lord" pronouncements.  If you "find more grace in the search for meaning than in absolute certainty, in the questions than in the answers, have religious interests and longings but cannot accept the beliefs and dogmas you associate with Christianity, and are repelled by claims that Christianity is the only way,” you may be interested in The Center for Progressive Christianity.

Biblical scholars who approach the Bible as a historical document have come to some conclusions that present a serious challenge to the belief that the Bible is the inerrant and literal Word of God.  "From Jesus to Christ" is an outstanding PBS Frontline presentation on early Christian history.  "The Bible's Buried Secrets," despite the rather unfortunate title, is an excellent PBS Nova program about the history of the Hebrew Bible (also known as the "Old Testament" by Christians). 

Humor is a great way to recover from religious abuse.  If you can laugh about it, you are no longer caught in it.  For a very well done parody of "holier than thou" fundamentalism that is too often mixed with right wing politics, visit the Landover Baptist Church.  (NOTE: this is definitely not a real church!)

Ultra-Orthodox & Chasidic Judaism

Footsteps “provides educational, vocational, and social support to those seeking to enter or explore the world beyond the insular ultra-religious communities in which they were raised.”

New Age

Missing the Solstice is an very thoughtful blog by a former psychic healer and New Age author.  Lots of down to earth but scholarly information about “how spiritual beliefs are formed, how ideas are created and change over time, how social movements arise and decay, how groups create their own realities, and so on … you know, simple stuff like that.

Cults of All Kinds

While I think the anti-cult crusaders are sometimes overly alarmist and naive about religion in addition to often being closely allied with the religious establishment, they perform an invaluable service in pointing out potential dangers of authoritarian groups. The following sites have a wealth of information about various "cults," religious and secular, along with extensive resources for those who have been involved with such groups:

Nori J. Muster is a former member of the International Society for Krisna Consciousness who has written a well balanced account of her experiences in the group.  She also has an excellent online Cult Survivors Handbook and The Nitty Gritty On Cults site with the slogan: “Don’t join dangerous cults: Practice safe sects!”

International Cultic Studies Association  Taking a scholarly approach, ICSA has over time assumed a more open minded stance, recognizing that not every cultic group is destructive while continuing to provide information and support for former cult members and their families.

The Ross Institute has an extensive on-line archive of information about a great many controversial groups.

Spiritual Abuse Recovery Resources is a conservative Christian site primarily focused on Bible based groups.

Ex-Cult Resource Center

Sexual Abuse by Religious Leaders

Among the many stories I have heard of abuse in religious communities, the most appalling involve sexual abuse.  While there has rightfully been much in the news about abuse by Catholic priests, it happens in just about every denomination.  I have repeatedly heard about pillars of local churches, ministers and priests, evangelists, teachers, lay and youth leaders of many groups and denominations exploiting those who looked to them for spiritual guidance. 

Psychoanalysis tells us that what is repressed is likely to be acted out.  As conservative religion so often supports the repression of sexuality, sexual acting out is not at all uncommon in conservative religious communities.  Far too many leaders in religious communities take advantage of the trust placed in them to try to fulfill their own secret desires which are explained away as "temptation by Satan" with perpetrators having "repented" and been "forgiven," free to abuse again.  And much too often the church establishment has looked the other way, ignoring the victims of sexual abuse perpetrated by its "shinning lights."

Here are some of the many websites with information about sexual abuse within religious communities:

Adults Abused By Clergy is focused on abuse of adults with information that is helpful for any abuse survivor.

Joshua Children's Foundation has an information page on child sexual abuse by clergy.

The Hope of Survivors has a lot of information although the Evangelical Christian tone may be off-putting for some.

Network of Those Abused By Priests (SNAP)Survivors is concerned  with sexual abuse by Catholic priests.


Original Material & Photographs ©2009 James C. Moyers

May be reproduced with source cited

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