Relgious Studies & Spirituality Links
"The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious. It is the source of all true art and all science. He to whom this emotion is a stranger, who can no longer pause to wonder and stand rapt in awe, is as good as dead: his eyes are closed. It was the experience of mystery -- even if mixed with fear -- that engendered religion. A knowledge of the existence of something we cannot penetrate, our perceptions of the profoundest reason and the most radiant beauty, which only in their most primitive forms are accessible to our minds: it is this knowledge and this emotion that constitute true religiosity. In this sense, and only this sense, I am a deeply religious man... I am satisfied with the mystery of life's eternity and with a knowledge, a sense, of the marvelous structure of existence -- as well as the humble attempt to understand even a tiny portion of the Reason that manifests itself in nature."
Albert Einstein, The World As I See It
My interest in religion and spirituality has its origins in my growing up as a devout Seventh-day Adventist and the crisis I experienced as a young adult when I found I no longer believed what I had been taught to regard as “The Truth” handed down from heaven. Part of my post-Adventist journey involved an undergraduate degree in Religious Studies from the University of California, and I continue to have a strong interest in the scholarly study of religion, especially the psychology of spiritual experience, mysticism, the history of early Christianity, heterodox movements such as gnosticism, and new religions. Over years of spiritual exploration I have come to the conclusion that all systems of religion represent imperfect attempts to delineate the limitless that fade into nothingness when measured against the incomprehensible Whole relative to which our world appears for a brief instant with no more significance than a speck of dust.
The image above is the Orion Nebula, "," as seen by the Hubble Space Telescope. This astronomical body was a source of wonder and awe for me as a boy growing up immersed in Seventh-day Adventistism. According to the Adventist prophet, Ellen G. White, this "open space in Orion" is a heavenly gateway through which the New Jerusalem will descend to Earth. While that now seems extremely unlikely to me, I find the idea of stars being born in Einstein's "marvelous structure of existence" more awe inspiring than the idea of heaven coming down to this world once did.
While I have in my spiritual wanderings discovered no system of belief adequate to the impossible task of explaining the ineffable, I continue to find the exploring fascinating. Here are links to a few things I have written along with some of the many interesting resources I have come across:
is the story of my ongoing spiritual journey. I also have links on that page to a couple of articles on historical aspects of Adventism as well as other material about fundamentalist and cultic type groups.
As an outgrowth of my own experience in leaving a conservative religious group, I am very much interested in the psychological aspects of that kind of “de-conversion” experience. I have written essays on , by which I mean cultic and fundamentalist type groups, and the of such groups, and also have a page of
is an excellent article written by a religious studies professor who grew up in a conservative religious tradition.
has links to a lot of resources about various traditions as well as religion in general.
is a wide ranging list of links to scholarly material (much of which is accessible to non-scholars) on religion and related topics. Lots of fascinating browsing.
page has links to “99 Essential Resources.” More fascinating browsing for those of us who are fascinated by such!
- Biblical scholarship, with an emphasis on archaeology in the land of the Bible, made accessible. This journal was instrumental in breaking the monopoly a few scholars had on the Dead Sea scrolls and continues to be active in covering, and sometimes creating, controversy in a field that is full of disputes.
has material from an outstanding PBS "Frontline" presentation on early Christian history. The series, based as it is on historical scholarship rather than dogma, was not well received by fundamentalists. is another outstanding PBS program about the history of the Hebrew Bible (the "Old Testament" for Christians).
has a wealth of information by noted Biblical scholar, James Tabor on early Christianity, its cultural context, and apocalyptic tradition. Tabor is also the co-author of , an important book on the apocalyptic Branch Davidian Seventh-day Adventist offshoot group and the FBI's tragic mishandling of the events that happened near Waco, Texas. The similarity of the tragedy in Waco to other horrific events involving apocalyptic groups at other times in the history of Christianity is striking.
& explore these primary documents of Judaism. For someone who learned the foundational Jewish stories in a Christian setting it can be a bit disorienting as well as intriguing to discover how different the Jewish perspective often is. To say nothing of the discovery that Judaism did not stop evolving after the time of Jesus!
has an introduction to the Dead Sea Scrolls along with some translated texts. The has a lot of information on these manuscripts that have given us new insights into Second Temple Judaism and the background of Christianity.
- several pages of links "focusing on the early Christian writings and their social world." Serious scholarly material for in-depth study and hours of browsing.
was founded in 1880 to further the scholarly study of the Bible and associated literature. Membership is open to anyone interested in Biblical studies.
- scholarly society for the study of religion. Focus is on historical and sociological aspects.
- has a great deal of information, including lectures and translations of ancient texts, from an early rival of orthodox Christianity that continued in various forms into medieval times and beyond despite persecution by the established church. I find the Gnostic reading of various Christian traditions, some of which are turned upside down, fascinating. Jung regarded Gnosticism as an expression of what has been repressed in mainstream Christianity.
Not all forms of Christianity limit believers to "Thus saith the Lord" pronouncements. If you "find more grace in the search for meaning than in absolute certainty, in the questions than in the answers, have religious interests and longings but cannot accept the beliefs and dogmas you associate with Christianity, and are repelled by claims that Christianity is the only way," you may be interested in .
is a liberal religious tradition based upon freedom of conscience, social justice, and respect for individual pursuit of truth. While Unitarian-Universalism has its origins in heterodox Christian movements that rejected the dogmas of the trinity and eternal damnation, its members now embrace a wide range of diverse beliefs.
, "A House of Prayer for All People," offers a refreshing alternative to the dogmatic Christianity I grew up immersed in. The monthly at Grace is a profound meditative experience.
has lots of information and resources. You can follow the to explore the tradition that is probably the best known, as well as perhaps most misunderstood, form of Buddhism in the West. has information and articles about Buddhism from the perspective of a Thai-born Theravada Buddhist. And of course there are a great many websites centered on the currently popular Buddhist based practice of mindfulness. This one seems as good a place as any to start:
is an excellent guide to the varied strands of the primary and very complex religious tradition of India. The has many links to sites relating to many aspects of Hinduism. On the other side of the tendency to idealize Eastern religion, the is clear evidence that fundamentalist tendencies are not limited to Christian and Islamic traditions.
is an ancient Chinese mystical tradition based upon observation of the natural world.
is a simple and well written introduction to mindfulness meditation by noted critic of religion, Sam Harris, who points out that meditative practice doesn’t have to involve religious belief. Another good introduction to meditation that presents other approaches in addition to mindfulness can be found at . also has a lot of useful information about finding inner peace in the midst of the stress of contemporary life.
, "a group of esoteric explorers coming from different philosophical backgrounds and perspectives" is primarily focused on Western esoteric traditions but encompasses a variety of ideas.
- "Where Spiritual Traditions Meet." A wonderful quarterly full of great art and wisdom drawn from Eastern and Western, ancient and modern spiritual traditions.
- "A Journal of the Western Inner Tradition." Fascinating articles with high standard of scholarship focused on Western Esoterism. Sadly Gnosis ceased publication in 1999. However the web site is still up and issues of the magazine are still available.
published by the Center for Skeptical Inquiry can help us keep at least one foot on the ground amid the multitude of contending and contrary truth claims. Fascinating browsing even if you are not a skeptic!
," a book review by a professor of relgious studies, challenges the common assumption that humanists and atheistists are "non-believers."
Original Material ©2009 James C. Moyers
May be reproduced with source cited